• Use the library and internet to conduct appropriate literature searches
  • Explain how the ecosystem approach is relevant to watershed dynamics
  • Analyze the main types of biological interactions (competition, predation and mutualism) with mathematical models
  • Contrast the pros and cons of niche theory
  • Differentiate food web models including loop analysis and contrast their potential to be useful
  • Discover the relationship between biological interactions and community structure
  • Hypothesize casual relationships among community diversity, ecological stability and complexity
  • Identify a range of community descriptors that are useful for characterizing natural community structure in terrestrial, marine, and freshwater communities.
  • Account for the interrelationships of major historical developments in ecosystem-level ecology (ELE)
  • Analyze diverse examples of environmental problems & issues
  • Assess the community structure controversy using real-world examples from the ecological literature
  • Assess the usefulness of a range of environmental indicators
  • Compare relative usefulness of qualitative versus quantitative approaches and models in ecosystem-level ecology (ELE)
  • Compare several approaches frequently used to explain human-environment interactions and environmental problems (case studies of population-scarcity, markets and commodities, institutions, environmental ethics, risks and hazards, political economy, and the social construction of nature)
  • Conclude holistic, whole system approaches are useful for ecosystem-level ecology (ELE) and environmental problems
  • Contrast a set of environmental management concepts and applications
  • Formulate a comparative analysis in a case study format using three of these approaches to illustrate how the environment and society are linked
  • Illustrate how resilience theory is useful in environmental management
  • Write clear environmental descriptions and well-organized scientific reports