• Describe how abiotic factors influence the distribution and abundance of organisms [BIOL 2060]
  • Describe major drivers of, and differences among, terrestrial, marine and freshwater biomes [BIOL 2060]
  • Describe the effects of disturbance on species diversity and other aspects of community structure [BIOL 2060] [BIOL 1030]
  • Explain how connectivity can influence extinction of metapopulations [BIOL 2060]
  • Explain major gradients of species diversity in terrestrial and marine ecosystems [BIOL 2060]
  • Explain top-down and bottom-up control of primary productivity [BIOL 2060]
  • Apply the scientific method to approach a research question [BIOL 2060]
  • Communicate research results as a formal report in the style of a scientific paper [BIOL 2060]
  • Interpret food-web diagrams in terms of indirect interactions including trophic cascades [BIOL 2060]
  • Outline examples of positive (e.g. mutualism, symbiosis, facilitation) and negative (e.g. competition, predation, parasitism) biological interactions [BIOL 2060]
  • Generate and interpret appropriate tables and graphs to represent ecological data [BIOL 2060]
  • Interpret the evolution of animal behaviour and life history in light of natural selection and inclusive fitness [BIOL 2060]
  • Outline the major biogeochemical cycles on the planet (e.g. water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus) [BIOL 2060]
  • Predict major human impacts on natural ecosystems and global biogeochemical cycles [BIOL 2060]
  • Read and interpret a scientific paper describing a straightforward experimental or observational study [BIOL 2060]