• Analyze human pedigrees to determine if a trait is dominant or recessive, if the gene for the trait is located on an autosome or sex chromosome, and if the trait is likely controlled by a single gene or more than one gene. [BIOL 1010]
  • Compare and contrast the fundamental features of mitosis and meiosis with emphasis on the movement of homologous chromosomes during these cellular reproductive processes [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Define gene flow and genetic drift (and founder effect) and explain how they influence allele frequencies in populations [BIOL 1010]
  • Define Mendel’s two laws of heredity that explain the transmission of traits from one generation to the next [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Define the classes of physical and chemical mutagens and their effect on the coded amino acids in a polypeptide, and the resulting phenotype [BIOL 1010]
  • Describe the basic chemical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), and their function in the processes of replication, transcription, and translation of genetic information. [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Describe the basic structure and function of organelles [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Describe the components of a formal laboratory report
  • Describe the most basic similarities and differences between Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotes, and the evolutionary relationships between ‘protists’ and animals, plants and fungi. [BIOL 1010]
  • Identify the regulatory elements and how they function in the control of gene expression of inducible and repressible operons in prokaryotes [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Recall the steps relating to cell division [BIOL 1010]
  • Understand the basic principles of DNA technology/Biotechnology, its applications and the ethical and societal implications of this technological revolution [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Write a properly formatted CSE-style (Council of Science Editors) citation for a website, article or book; quote from and/or cite published material as appropriate; read an article from a scientific journal and discuss its content with classmates. [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1011]
  • Describe the different macromolecules [BIOL 1010] [BIOL 1030]
  • Use the Hardy-Weinberg principle to calculate expected genotype and allele frequencies (1 Locus, 2 Alleles) [BIOL 1010]
  • Express the concepts of evolution as changes in allele frequencies and the Hardy-Weinberg principle.